Mystical Definition: Something that is mystical involves spiritual powers and influences that most people do | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und. mystical light, similar bioluminescent organisms. Die Lampe produziert eine mystisch anmutende Lichtatmosphäre, ähnlich wie biolumineszente Lebewesen. Übersetzung für 'mystical' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
"mystical" Deutsch ÜbersetzungMystical Definition: Something that is mystical involves spiritual powers and influences that most people do | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und. mystical light, similar bioluminescent organisms. Die Lampe produziert eine mystisch anmutende Lichtatmosphäre, ähnlich wie biolumineszente Lebewesen. Übersetzung für 'mystical' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
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First Known Use of mystical 15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a. Learn More about mystical. Time Traveler for mystical The first known use of mystical was in the 15th century See more words from the same century.
These followers of mystery religions belonged to a select group, where access was only gained through an initiation. The terms are first found connected in the writings of Heraclitus.
Such initiates are identified in texts with the persons who have been purified and have performed certain rites. Such initiates were believers in the god Dionysus Bacchus who took on the name of their god and sought an identification with their deity.
Until the sixth century the practice of what is now called mysticism was referred to by the term contemplatio , c.
According to Peter Moore, the term "mysticism" is "problematic but indispensable. Parsons warns that "what might at times seem to be a straightforward phenomenon exhibiting an unambiguous commonality has become, at least within the academic study of religion, opaque and controversial on multiple levels".
Deriving from Neo-Platonism and Henosis , mysticism is popularly known as union with God or the Absolute. An influential proponent of this understanding was William James — , who stated that "in mystic states we both become one with the Absolute and we become aware of our oneness.
McGinn notes that the term unio mystica , although it has Christian origins, is primarily a modern expression. He also argues that we should speak of "consciousness" of God's presence, rather than of "experience", since mystical activity is not simply about the sensation of God as an external object, but more broadly about "new ways of knowing and loving based on states of awareness in which God becomes present in our inner acts.
However, the idea of "union" does not work in all contexts. For example, in Advaita Vedanta, there is only one reality Brahman and therefore nothing other than reality to unite with it—Brahman in each person atman has always in fact been identical to Brahman all along.
Dan Merkur also notes that union with God or the Absolute is a too limited definition, since there are also traditions which aim not at a sense of unity, but of nothingness , such as Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite and Meister Eckhart.
According to Gelman, "A unitive experience involves a phenomenological de-emphasis, blurring, or eradication of multiplicity, where the cognitive significance of the experience is deemed to lie precisely in that phenomenological feature".
Mysticism involves an explanatory context, which provides meaning for mystical and visionary experiences, and related experiences like trances.
According to Dan Merkur, mysticism may relate to any kind of ecstasy or altered state of consciousness, and the ideas and explanations related to them.
These experiences are not necessarily interpreted in a religious framework. Some authors emphasize that mystical experience involves intuitive understanding of the meaning of existence and of hidden truths, and the resolution of life problems.
According to Larson, "mystical experience is an intuitive understanding and realization of the meaning of existence.
Horne, mystical illumination is "a central visionary experience [ According to Evelyn Underhill, illumination is a generic English term for the phenomenon of mysticism.
The term illumination is derived from the Latin illuminatio , applied to Christian prayer in the 15th century.
According to Wright, the use of the western word enlightenment is based on the supposed resemblance of bodhi with Aufklärung , the independent use of reason to gain insight into the true nature of our world, and there are more resemblances with Romanticism than with the Enlightenment: the emphasis on feeling, on intuitive insight, on a true essence beyond the world of appearances.
Other authors point out that mysticism involves more than "mystical experience. In the Hellenistic world, 'mystical' referred to "secret" religious rituals like the Eleusinian Mysteries.
In early Christianity the term "mystikos" referred to three dimensions, which soon became intertwined, namely the biblical, the liturgical and the spiritual or contemplative.
Until the sixth century, the Greek term theoria, meaning "contemplation" in Latin, was used for the mystical interpretation of the Bible.
In western Christianity it was a counter-current to the prevailing Cataphatic theology or "positive theology".
Theoria enabled the Fathers to perceive depths of meaning in the biblical writings that escape a purely scientific or empirical approach to interpretation.
This threefold meaning of "mystical" continued in the Middle Ages. It is best known nowadays in the western world from Meister Eckhart and John of the Cross.
In the sixteenth and seventeenth century mysticism came to be used as a substantive. Luther dismissed the allegorical interpretation of the bible, and condemned Mystical theology, which he saw as more Platonic than Christian.
Science was also distinguished from religion. By the middle of the 17th century, "the mystical" is increasingly applied exclusively to the religious realm, separating religion and "natural philosophy" as two distinct approaches to the discovery of the hidden meaning of the universe.
The 19th century saw a growing emphasis on individual experience, as a defense against the growing rationalism of western society.
The competition between the perspectives of theology and science resulted in a compromise in which most varieties of what had traditionally been called mysticism were dismissed as merely psychological phenomena and only one variety, which aimed at union with the Absolute, the Infinite, or God—and thereby the perception of its essential unity or oneness—was claimed to be genuinely mystical.
The historical evidence, however, does not support such a narrow conception of mysticism. Under the influence of Perennialism , which was popularised in both the west and the east by Unitarianism , Transcendentalists and Theosophy , mysticism has been applied to a broad spectrum of religious traditions, in which all sorts of esotericism and religious traditions and practices are joined together.
In the contemporary usage "mysticism" has become an umbrella term for all sorts of non-rational world views,  parapsychology and pseudoscience.
Based on various definitions of mysticism, namely mysticism as an experience of union or nothingness, mysticism as any kind of an altered state of consciousness which is attributed in a religious way, mysticism as "enlightenment" or insight, and mysticism as a way of transformation, "mysticism" can be found in many cultures and religious traditions, both in folk religion and organized religion.
These traditions include practices to induce religious or mystical experiences, but also ethical standards and practices to enhance self-control and integrate the mystical experience into daily life.
Dan Merkur notes, though, that mystical practices are often separated from daily religious practices, and restricted to "religious specialists like monastics, priests, and other renunciates.
According to Dan Merkur, shamanism may be regarded as a form of mysticism, in which the world of spirits is accessed through religious ecstasy.
Shamanism is a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to perceive and interact with a spirit world and channel these transcendental energies into this world.
The term "shamanism" was first applied by western anthropologists to the ancient religion of the Turks and Mongols , as well as those of the neighboring Tungusic and Samoyedic -speaking peoples.
The term is also used to describe similar magico-religious practices found within the ethnic religions of other parts of Asia, Africa, Australasia and the Americas.
Neoshamanism refers to "new"' forms of shamanism , or methods of seeking visions or healing, typically practiced in Western countries. Neoshamanism comprises an eclectic range of beliefs and practices that involve attempts to attain altered states and communicate with a spirit world, and is associated with New Age practices.
The apophatic theology , or "negative theology", of Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite 6th c. The Orthodox Church has a long tradition of theoria intimate experience and hesychia inner stillness , in which contemplative prayer silences the mind to progress along the path of theosis deification.
Theosis , practical unity with and conformity to God, is obtained by engaging in contemplative prayer , the first stage of theoria ,  [note 16] which results from the cultivation of watchfulness nepsis.
In theoria , one comes to behold the "divisibly indivisible" divine operations energeia of God as the "uncreated light" of transfiguration , a grace which is eternal and proceeds naturally from the blinding darkness of the incomprehensible divine essence.
Symeon the New Theologian , embraced by the monastic communities on Mount Athos , and most notably defended by St. Gregory Palamas against the Greek humanist philosopher Barlaam of Calabria.
According to Roman Catholic critics, hesychastic practice has its roots to the introduction of a systematic practical approach to quietism by Symeon the New Theologian.
Symeon believed that direct experience gave monks the authority to preach and give absolution of sins, without the need for formal ordination.
While Church authorities also taught from a speculative and philosophical perspective, Symeon taught from his own direct mystical experience,  and met with strong resistance for his charismatic approach, and his support of individual direct experience of God's grace.
The High Middle Ages saw a flourishing of mystical practice and theorization in western Roman Catholicism, corresponding to the flourishing of new monastic orders, with such figures as Guigo II , Hildegard of Bingen , Bernard of Clairvaux , the Victorines , all coming from different orders, as well as the first real flowering of popular piety among the laypeople.
The later post- reformation period also saw the writings of lay visionaries such as Emanuel Swedenborg and William Blake , and the foundation of mystical movements such as the Quakers.
Catholic mysticism continued into the modern period with such figures as Padre Pio and Thomas Merton. The philokalia , an ancient method of Eastern Orthodox mysticism, was promoted by the twentieth century Traditionalist School.
The allegedly inspired or " channeled " work A Course in Miracles represents a blending of non-denominational Christian and New Age ideas.
Many western esoteric traditions and elements of modern spirituality have been regarded as "mysticism," such as Gnosticism , Transcendentalism , Theosophy , the Fourth Way ,  and Neo-Paganism.
Modern western spiritually and transpersonal psychology combine western psycho-therapeutic practices with religious practices like meditation to attain a lasting transformation.
Nature mysticism is an intense experience of unification with nature or the cosmic totality, which was popular with Romantic writers.
In the common era, Judaism has had two main kinds of mysticism: Merkabah mysticism and Kabbalah. The former predated the latter, and was focused on visions, particularly those mentioned in the Book of Ezekiel.
It gets its name from the Hebrew word meaning "chariot", a reference to Ezekiel's vision of a fiery chariot composed of heavenly beings.
Kabbalah is a set of esoteric teachings meant to explain the relationship between an unchanging, eternal and mysterious Ein Sof no end and the mortal and finite universe his creation.
Inside Judaism, it forms the foundations of mystical religious interpretation. Kabbalah originally developed entirely within the realm of Jewish thought.
Kabbalists often use classical Jewish sources to explain and demonstrate its esoteric teachings. These teachings are thus held by followers in Judaism to define the inner meaning of both the Hebrew Bible and traditional Rabbinic literature , their formerly concealed transmitted dimension, as well as to explain the significance of Jewish religious observances.
Kabbalah emerged, after earlier forms of Jewish mysticism, in 12th to 13th century Southern France and Spain , becoming reinterpreted in the Jewish mystical renaissance of 16th-century Ottoman Palestine.
It was popularised in the form of Hasidic Judaism from the 18th century forward. Sufism is said to be Islam's inner and mystical dimension.
The origin of the word "Sufi" is ambiguous. One understanding is that Sufi means wool-wearer; wool wearers during early Islam were pious ascetics who withdrew from urban life.
Another explanation of the word "Sufi" is that it means 'purity'. Sufis generally belong to a khalqa , a circle or group, led by a Sheikh or Murshid.
Sufi circles usually belong to a Tariqa which is the Sufi order and each has a Silsila , which is the spiritual lineage, which traces its succession back to notable Sufis of the past, and often ultimately to the last prophet Muhammed or one of his close associates.
The turuq plural of tariqa are not enclosed like Christian monastic orders; rather the members retain an outside life. Membership of a Sufi group often passes down family lines.
Meetings may or may not be segregated according to the prevailing custom of the wider society. An existing Muslim faith is not always a requirement for entry, particularly in Western countries.
The aims of Sufism include: the experience of ecstatic states hal , purification of the heart qalb , overcoming the lower self nafs , extinction of the individual personality fana , communion with God haqiqa , and higher knowledge marifat.
Some sufic beliefs and practices have been found unorthodox by other Muslims; for instance Mansur al-Hallaj was put to death for blasphemy after uttering the phrase Ana'l Haqq , "I am the Truth" i.
God in a trance. Rabia Basri was the most prominent female Sufi. Sufism first came into contact with the Judeo-Christian world during the Moorish occupation of Spain.
Sufism has also long been present in Asian countries that do not have a Muslim majority, such as India and China.
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